Health Is Indeed Affected by Global Warming
Pretty much everybody is aware of the important role of climate change over public health. As the climate situation becomes worse, global health gets damaged. First, it will be step by step and then after a while, many crises will happen immediately. But maybe there won’t be much time to prevent harm in the future!
Health crisis is related to climate change
Climate change can be considered a big menace in the world and we might think that its damage will never reach us and we would be safe forever! But that day will come eventually when we all be affected by it, just the same as the Coronavirus. Augmentation of global temperature and raising the sea level will bring illness, disease, death, and cost increase. As climatic situation emerges from the certain areas, for instance, those areas that many species grow, the speed and size of the combined impacts may put pressure on different communities, companies, and governments anywhere on this planet.
The section which is about healthcare and scientific manners is both a part of the problem and the solution for it. Because of the production, transportation, and production disposal and some services amongst scientific supply chain, these sections can emit a vast amount of greenhouse gases to the air and make it more polluted than it was before.
On the other side, it could be a part of the solution if It takes the chance to intercede the health effect of climate change and to decrease the damage and injustice for patients, staff, and communities.
We admit that climate change can be named as the most important and biggest threat to global health. Its effects can be various, complicated, and modify everyone’s life. Its damages may be mental, infectious, chronic, and finally death. These changes can impact people in either direct way or indirect one and they can be natural or humanmade. For instance, climate change causes storms and floods which can hurt not only the humans but the ecosystem and it is the direct one. On the other side, these crises can disturb urgent medical care which can cause more death and that is the indirect damage.
Climate change effects are listed from mild to severe. Damages like fires and floods reason the primitive leap in corporal and psychic needs in any catastrophe, pursued by a long series of sustained poor health. Little by little these consecutive events become vaster and can increase healthcare costs and loss of productions. Risks and consequences become apparent in both developed and developing countries.
Even it will damage economics and businesses all around the world. Especially the conditions of those people that were bad enough will become worse and those who had background diseases will be more damaged and confront a higher risk of dying. Increasing global temperature and sea level will jeopardize tropical regions and islands and bring catastrophes to the cities that are by the sea.
How are health and welfare affected by climate change
The frequency, the risk of mortality, and early death will grow. Nowadays about 12000 people die due to annual heat in the US and we estimate that it will be increased up to 100000 death by the end of this century. Also, children, poor people, and those who have background illnesses are more vulnerable to climate change. When the globe gets warm, hurricanes and torrential rain will increase and interrupt hospitals and clinics in many ways. During a hurricane that happened in Puerto Rico in 2017, it is presumed that 30 percent of all death rates were due to hospital interruption or medical care retardation. Even climate change can cause self-injuring because temperature rise will lead to the lack of farming land and many resources will be demolished and reduced. So human beings will be exposed to psychic and physical problems because of hunger, thirst and even this causes people to suffer from a guilty conscience that maybe the bad condition comes from their works! It could lead to 50000 suicides in America and Mexico by the end of 2050 and cause 3.2 million criminal activities by 2100.
Increasing temperature will disintegrate wave energies in oceans and can weaken coastal defense therefore storms and floods can easily destroy natural resources and lands. It also puts the lives of millions of people living beside seas or oceans in great danger. By land and resource demolition poverty, hunger, thirst, and business loss will happen which can cause vast immigrations that are hazardous in their ways.
Pestiferous maladies will raise as well. Air pollution and temperature augmentation can lead to a higher risk of catching different viruses, especially those that are related to respiratory organs such as Covid-19, and make it difficult to get healed again.
The outbreak of chronic maladies and related vulnerabilities will advance. Background diseases such as diabetes can reduce the ability to tolerate heat. As people get old and heat waves increase, people may become more prone to dehydration and heat-related maladies. Fire seasons can grow more and more and it will affect everyone and lead to a higher cost of solving problems that are related to fume exposures. For instance, in Australia, 80 percent of the whole population was affected by one of the largest forest burnings in the summer and autumn of 2019. We estimate that all survivors will be confronted with a high risk of respiratory and cancer problems due to smoke exposure.
Psychic health issues will become more common amongst people. Climate change can affect people mentally. For instance, in 2013 in the UK, after a large flood that caused death and destruction, many civilians suffered from depression and anguish. The health budget that was allocated for healing those people was estimated to be at least 32 million USD.
Solutions for climate change prevention
All multi-national companies must decrease carbon emissions. The health section should create a balance between performance and pliability by diminishing CO2 emissions and prices without reducing vigilance. They should get used to utilizing low-carbon or clean energy such as solar panels or wind turbines. In addition to carbon reduction, employers can reduce laborers’ vulnerability to the effects of the weather vicissitude in four manners. The first one is that climate-related dangers to corporal and psychic health should be screened. The second one is reducing perils by education and conversion in labor places, programs, methods, and materials, for instance, using weather structures and individual materials for protection. The third one is to make sure that there will be admonition and support for the workers who are affected. And finally, last but not the least is developing the social and economic health factors, like fiscal pliability.
To decrease health strikes, policymakers have to make adjustment and compliance efforts in the following ways:
First, they should not regret changing their technologies and policies to make the air and water cleaner and produce healthier nourishments and minimize carbon emission.
The second is via improving health systems by financing in pliable structures, materials, labor, and supply chains. We also have to make sure that there will be an adequate supply of essential products.
Third, for tragedy planning and danger declining, we must create public and society resistance by combining health effects that are either straight or devious.
Forth, we have to monitor and screen climate change all the time to be top ready at any moment and have the essentials to react against any catastrophes.
Article by: Amir Masoud Navidi
Adapted from: Oliverwyman.
Reference: : https://www.oliverwyman.com/our-expertise/insights/2020/oct/health-innovation-journal/climate-change-significantly-impacts-global-health.html