Agricultural technology induces changes in the distribution of income among households through a multitude of direct and indirect effects and the optimizing responses of the households. Even if agricultural technology has no direct effect on household incomes, it affects food security or poverty through its effects on food prices. Benefits accrue to agricultural households both through reductions in costs of production (for those who adopt the technology) and through reductions in net costs of food purchases (the difference between their expenditure on consumption and the value of their production) resulting from the fall in price. Hence, for food-deficit agricultural households, the fall in price means a benefit; for food-surplus agricultural households, it means a loss. In addition to these two direct sources of benefits, households may gain (or lose) indirectly from induced adjustments in factor markets in which they participate as well as broader, general equilibrium impacts.
Rather than emphasizing communications, studies of firm adoption give more attention to characteristics of the firm and innovation itself. Also significant is the fact that innovation replaces an older technology with a newer one, highlighting comparative costs, benefits, and risks as well as factors such as relative profitability, investment, sunk costs, and the like. In this regard, there is greater emphasis on innovation as a continuous process; one that might be tailor-made for a particular firm or firm setting, rather than as a singular, unchanging phenomenon; and one that involves a more intimate and ongoing relationship between the innovation’s supplier and user. Issues such as competition among firms and relative factor prices, favoring one technology over another, also play a role.
As these factors indicate, economic perspectives are important to investigating the diffusion of technological innovations among firms (Brown, 1981). But spatial considerations enter in two ways. First, there has been a tendency to assume that larger firms in larger urban agglomerations are earlier adopters, giving rise to a self-reinforcing (cumulative and circular causation; Myrdal, 1957) hierarchy effect pattern of diffusion. In fact, earlier adopters are just as likely to be less than the largest in size, which may correlate with aggressiveness and innovativeness of management. There also may be a spatial order to innovative change, such that newer economic regions are favored, leading to regional rotation or spatial succession; Silicon Valley provides an example (Malecki, 1997). The second way spatial considerations come into play is that the study of technological innovation has become closely intertwined with regional development and regional economic change (Malecki, 1997). Hence, the questions may not be inherently geographic in terms of process, but very geographic in outcome. This is returned to in Section Diffusion and Innovation.
Revolutions in agricultural technology and policy throughout the twentieth century have dramatically changed farming practices. While these changes created necessary, short-term increases in food production, they also created environmental and social consequences that have called this agricultural system into question. Beginning in the 1960s, the environmental movement drew attention to the impacts of industrialized, chemical-intensive agricultural practices on the health of individuals and the planet. In addition, the consequences of agribusinesses on farmers and consumers throughout the world have sparked reactions against the injustices of a corporate, capitalist food system. These negative consequences of modern agriculture have shifted the discourse of agriculture and food security away from one of strictly growing more food to one of growing food in a way that is environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable.
As a farmer, but also as an advisor/consultant or private contractor you are currently facing major challenges in crop production. Alongside legal framework conditions regarding crop protection or nutrient management, society is also making new demands regarding the way you work. Your cultivation systems have to be adapted to these new conditions if you are to continue achieving an economic return.
In order to support you in organising sufficient, sustainable and more efficient production of foods, feeds and agricultural raw materials, manufacturers, developers and the scientific sector are already working on new technologies, concepts and ideas.
At the AGRITECHNICA Special “Protecting Yield and Nature”, you can find technical solutions in response to this challenge that not only protect soils, water and the atmosphere, but also allow you to manage economically via adapted yields. You can discuss the changes in dealing with machinery and equipment as well as farm inputs in order to adapt cropping systems.
The Special offers you a unique opportunity to compare and discuss systems and offers all under a single roof. Share ideas and experience regarding strategies and alternatives with colleagues and suppliers while examining the hardware and make use of the opportunity to put your questions directly to the professionals and specialists on the spot.
Loss of soil, seed of low quality, poor plant protection, lack of water and high yield losses in many regions of this world. Just to name some of the challenges that agriculture has to face worldwide. Agriculture in developing areas is particularly affected. To solve these and other challenges of agriculture knowledge transfer is one of the most important measures.
For this purpose, together with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as a theme partner and in cooperation with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) we are creating a meeting place at AGRITECHNICA, to share working principles and project ideas for the improvement of cultivation systems or to increasing livelihood and efficient management cross-border.
The International Show Special disseminates information around preventing soil losses, improving crop protection sustainably, managing scarce water sources in agriculture and reducing post-harvest losses, just to mention some topics. Those challenges at international scale are addressing different target groups (large-scale farmers to subsistence smallholders); consequently, technical solutions and management approaches as commercial business cases, cooperative models and examples of development cooperation projects are part of suitable responses.
Visit the AGRITECHNCIA Acre of Knowledge to enter the expert dialogue and benefit from the know-how and the experiences of companies and project partners in developing countries.
The exhibiting companies introduce their projects and ideas, they explain the benefits of their activities and show visitors how to improve farming systems.
The images and text displayed above are under the copyright law and authority of the holder of the event and image and will not be used for any marketing, financial and profiteering of any kind. The Goal of these articles is merely further publicity.